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Shan State

  國旗
國歌

由黃、綠、紅色及中間插著白色圓圈組成。
紅色代表擺夷人的勇敢及勇氣。
綠色代表擺夷人的活力、青春永在。
黃色代表宗教、佛教。
中間白色代表月亮,正表示著擺夷人的純潔、愛 好和平的象徵。

人 口:10,000,000 (70%是擺夷人、30%是由20多種少數民族組成)。
地 形:高地平原、山區分佈密集、海拔 3,000 ~ 6,000 英尺,有名河川 Salawin 。
語 言:自己的語文(擺夷文 Tai language)、少數民族方言、緬文及英文。
政 局:Shan State目前被緬甸侵占,英國統治時期稱為 Protectorate State。歷史上不曾是緬甸
             的領土,不過現在確遭遇到緬甸人占領。擺夷國的未來是否能重獲自由,只有期待全
             世界的好友們給他們伸手援助了。

Brief History:

  • 16th century The Shan was defeated by the Burmese and fifteen years later by the Chinese, thus bringing an end to the Shan monarchy.
  • 1887 The Shan States became a British protectorate.
  • 1922 The Shan were granted a distinct status and the "Federated Shan States?were established by the British rules.
  • 1948 The Union between Burma and the Shan was formed, which followed their joint independence from the British.
  • 1962 Burma abolished the union constitution and occupied the Shan States.
  • 1996 An alliance of forces was created by three armed resistance groups under the umbrella organisation "Shan National Organisation?(SSNO). The Shan Democratic Union (SDU) was founded, which now functions as the Foreign Ministry of the Shanland.
  • 1997 A meeting among ethnic groups adopted the new designation "United Shan States? The Shan States became a member of UNPO.

Shan State Map

 

Did you know..? (1) SHAN is the largest ethnic minority in present Burma? (2) Shanland consists of 33 pricipalities covering almost 1/3 of Burma?

History

Shans more or less ruled most of today's Burma and beyond until 1555 AD, particularly during the reign of Surkhanfah (1311-64). After this, they alternated as tributaries to China, Burma, Thailand or as independent states.

1882 Shan confederacy brought independence from Mandalay for many states.
1885 British conquered Burma and it became a British colony.
1887 British annexed the Shan States which became a British protectorate.
1922 The 33 independent princely Shan states (later 34) formed the Federated Shan States, with its capital at Taunggyi.
1947 Panglong Agreement to form a federal democracy draws Burma, the Federated Shan States and other regions together to obtain independence from Britain.
1948 Independence from Britain.
1952 The Kuomintang invasion from China led to Burmese military rule in Shan State. 
1958 First armed clash between Shan nationalists and the Burma Army after the Shan State is denied its constitutional right to secede.
1960 The Federal Movement to amend the Constitution was founded. 
1962 Burma Army seized power from a democratically elected government and abrogated the Union constitution, which bound Shan State to Burma. 
1964 Shan State Army formed to resist the illegal occupation of Shan State by the 
Burma Army. 
1989 Shan State Army (North) enters into a ceasefire agreement with the Burma Army.
1990 Khun Toon Oo led the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy to victory in Shan State in the general elections.
1996 Drug king Khun Sa and his Mong Tai Army surrender to the Burma Army.
2003 The Shan State Army - South and various other armed groups continue to resist the Burma Army occupation of Shan State.

 

** Thanks for (S.H.A.N.) **

 

 
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LAST UPDATE :

28-02-2006



 
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